What is Plastic | Do you know? | A simple introduction.

Plastic another name of daily use product. It has become the modern material of choice because its ease of use in the form of availability and it helps us to make our lives cleaner, more relaxed, safer and more comfortable apart from some of its disadvantages.

What exactly is plastic? How do we make it? How do we get rid of it when we no longer need it? Let’s take a closer look!

Where the word plastic came?

it came from the Greek and Latin words ”plastikos” and plasticus ,

– which means to “grow” or “form it, .

It’s property ‘Form it’ allow it to press and extruded into different shapes like Boxes Tubes Plates, Glasses, Toys and many more


Interesting fact:

When we look around, we’ll find plastic, the shoe we wear, the watch which ticks on our wrist the water which we drink in the bottle, the juice which we enjoy in cans.  

The shopping items which we buy packs in plastic bags, The car which we drive, the TV which we watch, the games which we play DVDs the houses we live in, Kids toys, feeders name the thing, and you will find only one product in it which is Plastic.

What Plastic is made off?

It is an organic material,

A carbon-baseds compound which is derived from living objects. In the latest development, lab-synthesized versions are also included in it as well.  It is just like wood, paper or wool.

Plastics are mainly derived from a petroleum source; The oil which we get from earth which than broken down into many parts and those parts of that oil are used to make it.

Plastic in a vast and growing range of applications.

Such as

  • Packaging
  • Energy
  • Sports & Leisure
  • Transport
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Building & construction
  • Toys

And many more

Interesting Fact:

Plastic

In 1950 first Bic Pen was being manufactured with Plastic material Name Polystyrene.To date, more than 100 billion of these pens have been produced and still growing.

Its property of durability and resistance making it possible to be used at every part of our life some other properties are

  1. Cost effectiveness
  2. Durability or sustainability
  3. Hygienically perfect
  4. Ease to use
  5. Transform in to any desire shape or color.
  6. Light weight as compare to same product with other materials like wood, metal etc.

To achieve all this there are different types of plastic materials and methods which is being utilized.

My dear Readers!

Hopefully, you would be enjoying reading this, so stay with me because now in upcoming lines we are going to know about types of p material exists and about how many processes are there for the processing of the plastic materials.   

   Interesting Fact:

Plastic

1 million plastic bottles are being bought every minute,
According to 2017 survey world is consuming 500 billion plastic every year

Types of Plastic.

In chemistry language plastics are large molecules consists of repeated segments which are called monomers joins together and they have carbon backbones which create a long chain.

*Smallest building blocks of polymer are called monomers.
*Plastic is also known as polymer

Based on their structure Polymer/Plastic is divided in to two categories or groups.

  1. Thermoplastic
  2. Thermosets

In simple wordings Thermoplastic materials are the materials which get soften or mouldable on heating and hardened on cooling.

Thermosets are those materials which when once get hard through heating will hardly successfully remoulded.

Interesting Fact:

Plastic history

Plastic development history is 100 Years Old.

In 1855 Alexander Parkes invented –PARKESINE-, today we know it as ‘celluloid’ 

Short History about Plastic:

Its history is more than 100 years old.

After ALEXANDER PARKES invention 1855 many other developments were also being made which we’ll try to explain briefly

  • PVC also know as Polyvinyl chloride polymerized during 1837-1873
  • In 1970 first real plastic was been discovered by LEO Baekland Named BAKELITE. Bakelite is considered the first true plastic.

What are plastics like?

There are different kinds of plastics with different type of properties because of which we are able to differentiate between them otherwise we would not.

Plastics are usually flexible and they can easily transformer in to many shapes sizes colours or any type of your desire.

Some plastics are even harder than metal and long-lasting; we can achieve desire properties in it by adding additional materials. which are known as additive in chemistry language which have different types like

  • Plasticizers
  • Stabilizers
  • Antioxidants
  • Lubricants                                   And many more

Let suppose we want a plastic bag which should be decomposed in the environment naturally;

then we can use biodegradable additives during the manufacturing process which enhance biodegradation

Plastic bags
Polymer bags-infobhi.com

Plastics and the environment:

Recycle plastic
Recycling

79 years ago in 1940s Yarsley and Couzens outlined some predictions about the usage, benefits of the plastic and its impact on human, that was the time when Plastic was at its early ages.

Plastic is environmental friendly it becomes the cause of pollution when we don’t care about its recycling, each and every plastic material have its code which defines how much risky or useful the quoted material can be.

Plastic identification codes
Identification code-infobhi.com

By taking care and with proper use of plastic we can make the environment more secure.

Many new plastics have been developed researched and under observation or trial offering properties which we are desiring for which we can or will find in every part of our daily life or places like home ,factory ,office , vehicle just name the thing and it will be added in the list.

So no one can predict or give a picture what lies in this world over the next hundred years, but one thing can be predicted which is, for plastic, the sky’s the limit!

A brief history of plastics 

  • Ancient people used plastic as natural material which includes Rubber, Animal Horn etc.
  • The revolutionary development has been made in 1838 when the Injection Moulding Process was been developed.
  • A durable cross-linked plastic was been developed by Charles Goodyear in 1839.
  • A first synthetic plastic silk fibre was developed by  Georges Audemars, in 1855
  • 1856: First Artificial Plastic was been develop by Alexander Parkes in 1856
  •  Gelignite was developed by Alfred Nobels in 1875,
  • In 1885 a big revolution happened in Photography when George Eastman developed plastic Photographic Film from cellulose.
  • The first Artificial silk was been made in year 1894
  • The first fully synthetic thermosetting plastic was developed by chemist Leo Baekeland in year 1907 which was been tested in injection molding. 
Further
  • A huge development occurred in the field of plastic back in the year 1920 John Wesley Hyatt develops invented the first injection molding Machine.
  • 1930: An accidental material developed in the year 1930 which later revolutionizes the textile manufacturing by American chemist Wallace Carothers and the material name was NYLON.
  • 1 Richard D Drew invented Transparent, “Scotch” sticky tape in the year 1930
  • Polystyrene a well-known plastic material . it is also known as Styrol oxide and Metastyrol . It was invented by German chemist Eduard Simon in the year 1930.
  • PTFE also known as Teflon . It was been discovered by Roy Plunkett in the year 1938.
  • Plastic superglue were invented in the year 1942 by Harry Cover
  • Polyurethane alike material invented by DuPont martial known as Lycra.
  • First fiberglass sports car body has been developed in the year 1949 by Tritt an American and the car name was Glass-par G2
  • Polypropylene was developed by Giulio Natta in the year 1954.
  • A first Artificial heart (The jirvik)  made of plastic was been implanted in a human during the year 1982
  • In 1988 it was Australia who issued plastic bank notes for the first time.
  • The first modern 3D-Prints developed in year 1990.
  • Composites material which can make smart car production initiated in year 1998

·       In 2016 Japanese discovered a Bacteria which can eat plastic.

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    1. anonymous September 23, 2019

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